ARMED FORCES DIVISION

Looking back to Peacekeeping History

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations commenced in 1948 when the Security Councilauthorized the deployment of UN Military Observers tomonitor and maintain the ceasefire during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The operation was named as the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO). Since then, United Nations has deployed 67 missions across the globe, 15 of which are ongoing.  By this time millions of military personnel including UN police and other civilians from more than 120 countriesparticipated in UN peacekeeping operations.

Picture: Monogram of UNTSO

Photo: UN Peacekeeping forces in one of the earlier missions,

Cyprus(UNFICYP) 1967 ( UN Photo)

In its early days, UN missions consisted of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles.  Peacekeeping was primarily limited to maintaining ceasefires and stabilizing situations, providing crucial support for political efforts to resolve conflict by peaceful means. First UN Emergency Force (UNEF I)deployed in 1956 to resolve the Suez Crisis is the first armed peacekeeping operation. In the 1960s and 1970s, the UN established short-term missions in the Dominican Republic, West New Guinea (West Irian) and Yemen. Later on UN started longer term deployments in Cyprus, the Middle East and  in Lebanon.  In 1988, UN peacekeepers were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

With the change of dynamics of world politics and war trends the peacekeeping operations are getting more challenging and demanding every day. With all the challenges   peacekeeping operations will continue to strive to facilitate the political process, protect civilians, assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegrationof former combatants; support the organization of elections, protect and promote human rights and assist in restoring the rule of law.

Past Peacekeeping Operations Around The World

All past UN Peacekeeping Operations that have taken place since 1948 are appended continent wise:

Africa

  • United Nations Angola Verification Mission I (UNAVEM I)
  • United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II)
  • United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III)
  • United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group (UNASOG)
  • United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)
  • United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
  • United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL)
  • United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (MINURCA)
  • United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT)
  • United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA)
  • United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)
  • United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL)
  • United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR)
  • United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB)
  • United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (MINUCI)
  • United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ)
  • United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I)
  • United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II)
  • United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC)
  • United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC)
  • United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG)
  • UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)

Americas

  • Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic (DOMREP)
  • United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
  • United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
  • United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA)
  • United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL)
  • United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
  • United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
  • United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA)

Asiaand the Pacific

  • United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC)
  • United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP)
  • United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM)
  • United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT)
  • United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET)
  • United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea (UNSF)
  • United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)
  • United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)
  • UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)

Europe

  • United Nations Civilian Police Support Group (UNPSG)
  • United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia (UNCRO)
  • United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH)
  • United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP)
  • United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)
  • United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP)
  • United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)
  • United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES)

Middle East

  • United Nations Emergency Force I (UNEF I)
  • United Nations Emergency Force II (UNEF II)
  • United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG)
  • United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM)
  • United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL)
  • United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM)
  • UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS)

Ongoing Peacekeeping Operations around the World

There are currently 15 peacekeeping operations and one special political mission – the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) – led by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations.

 

Africa

  • United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)
  • United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
  • United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI)
  • United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)
  • United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)
  • United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)
  • United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)
  • United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)

 

Americas

United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)

 

Asia

  • United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
  • United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)

Middle East

 

Europe

Source: Data: www.un.org

Bangladesh in UN Peacekeeping Mission

 

 

 

Bangladesh Army started its journey in the UN peacekeeping mission in 1988 with 15 observers in UNIMOG (Iraq-Iran). Since then it is maintaining its dominance as a leading troop contributor country in UN peacekeeping. Bangladesh Armed Forces has so far participated in 54 peacekeeping missions in 40 countries. A total of 1,44,645 members from Bangladesh Armed Forces have participated in the noble task of peacekeeping. A consolidated list is appended below:

Ser

Country

Name of Mission

Army

 Navy

Air Force

Total

1

Afganistan

Afganistan-Pakistan

UNAMA

UNSMA/UNGOMAP

05

04

01

10

2

Angola

UNAVEM & UNAVEM III

470

09

09

488

3

Burundi

BINUB

01

05

0

06

4

Cambodia

UNAMIC / UNTAC / UNMLT

1003

0

0

1003

 5

 Bosnia

UNMIBH

01

0

24

25

6

Congo

MONUC, MONUSCO

22186

389

4079

26654

7

Croatia/East Slovenia

UNTAES

17

0

0

17

8

East Timor

UNAMET / UNTAET / UNMISET

1311

03

71

1385

9

Ethiopia / Eritrea

UNMEE

1093

6

9

1108

10

Georgia

UNOMIG

94

19

18

131

11

Haiti

UNMIH / MNF / MINUSTAH

2026

50

273

2349

12

Iraq

UNGCI / UNMOVIC

90

20

14

124

13

Iran

UNIIMOG

31

0

0

31

14

Ivory Coast

MINUCI/ONUCI/UNOCI

28902

471

640

30013

15

Kosovo

UNMIK

12

0

0

12

16

Kuwait

UNIKOM

7911

46

282

8239

17

 

Liberia

UNOMIL / UNMIL

23330   

192   

53    

       23575 

18

Mecedonia

UNPREDEP

04

0

03

07

19

Mozambique

ONUMOZ

2468

15

39

2522

20

Namibia

UNTAG

25

0

0

25

21

Rawanda

UNAMIR

990

07

15

1012

22

Sierra Leone

UNAMSIL / UNIOSIL

11911

22

14

11947

23

Somalia

UNOSOM-I-II / AMISOM

1973

0

02

1975

24

 Sudan

UNMIS

8007

685

0

8692

25

South Sudan

UNMISS

3490

619

98

4207

26

Tajikistan

UNMOT

34

03

03

40

27

Uganda / Rwanda

UNOMUR

20

0

0

20

28

Western Sahara

MINURSO

269

31

17

317

29

Yugoslavia (Former)

UNPROFOR / UNMOP

1381

18

0

1399

30

CAR & Chad

MINURCAT

09

01

49

59

31

Darfur

UNAMID

2818

48

53

2919

32

Lebanon

UNIFIL

06

2468

09

2483

33

West Africa

UNOWA

02

0

0

02

34

Cyprus

UNFICYP

01

           0                           0                                                       01 

35

UNSOA (Nairobi)

UNSOA

01

0

0

01

36

Syria

UNSMIS

16

01

01

18

37

Mali

MINUSMA

2660

244

128

3032

38

CAR

MINUSCA

3096

17

09

3122

39

Somalia

UNSOM

02

01

           0

03

40

Offce of the African Union

UNOUA

01

0

0

01

41

UNHQ

UNDPKO

07

02

0

09

 

 

TOTAL

133099

5404

6142

144645

Source:  AFD (Foreign Affairs Section) Archive

Ongoing Peacekeeping Missions Participated by Bangladesh

Presently  6359 UN peacekeepers from Bangladesh Army, Navy and Air Force are deployed in 08 ongoing UNPKOs in 08 countries. Within that more than 5500 personnel from Bangladesh Army are now deployed in various contingents or as Staff Officers/Military Observers in 09 peacekeeping missions. Bangladesh Navy has its ships and water crafts deployed in UNIFIL (Lebanon) and UNMISS (South Sudan). The Air Force has its helicopters and fixed wing aircraft in MONUSCO (DR Congo) . A good number of officers from Bangladesh Armed Forces are also working in UNDPKO as well.  Summary of total deployment is appended below:

Ser

Country

Mission

Army

Navy

Air Force

Total

1.

DR Congo

MONUSCO

1355

14

373

1742

2.

Lebanon

UNIFIL

0

115

1

116

3.

South Sudan

UNMISS

1414

203

03

1620

4.

Sudan (Darfur)

UNAMID

353

01

02

356

5.

Western Sahara

MINURSO

23

00

03

26

6.

Mali

MINUSMA

1322

04

113

1439

7.

CAR

MINUSCA

1044

06

03

1053

8.

USA (New York)

UNHQ

06

01

00

07

Total 

5517

344

498

6359

Source:  AFD (Foreign Affairs Section) Archive

News & Events

Site Statistics

Today : 497
Yesterday : 568
This Week : 497
This Month : 11621
Total : 474094

Visitors IP : 34.228.143.13 Visitors Info : Unknown - Unknown Monday, 18 February 2019 18:44

Who Is Online

Guests : 72 guests online Members : No members online

Copyright © 2013. All Rights Reserved by Armed Forces Division.